Why the “Middle Class” is Revered in Anglo-American Societies

Great Britain’s liberal political structure in the eighteenth century provided a comfortable social environment for the first wave of modern industry in Europe.  British social customs were clearly more advanced than anyone else on the continent, and that could be seen in British social movability.  Those who could amass fortunes were able to represent themselves in the upper echelons of society.  The British parliament represented the people better than any other institution on the continent, and it was through this representation that the new middle class would be able to institute their values early in the nineteenth century.  No other government in Europe would allow such liberalization for decades after the British, and it was with this political power that Great Britain would be able to dominate economically for the next couple of centuries.

The British naval domination and mercantile power were prerequisites for the new industrial onset, but if it weren’t for the ingenious minds of John Locke and Adam Smith, these advancements would not have made it possible for the English to move past other European powers on the continent politically and economically.  John Locke planted the seeds for democracy in Britain through his writings on liberal politics.  Locke advocated freedom, liberty, and most importantly, private property.  Locke’s ideas on private property were perhaps his most strongly held and vehemently argued ideals -because he believed that in order for there to be progress, people should be allowed to pursue their own economic interests without government interference.  Adam Smith delved even more deeply into the issue, with his arguments on the “invisible hand” and laissez faire efficiencies.

The aforementioned British Enlightenment ideas were not the only advancements to allow the onset of the first industrial revolution.  The monarchial successes in the seventeenth century after years of civil war could be seen through bureaucratic enlargement and court efficiencies that allowed for the growth of London and her ports.  Ultimately, it would be rapid middle-class development that would allow Britain to dominate in the industrial revolution because the bourgeoisie would push for more rational commercial regulation and would be the class supporting the nation through expanded factory ownership in the following centuries.  This social factor, along with the aforementioned political ones, allowed the British economy to flourish when much of the continent would lag behind for as long as a century.

No Need to Breathe

No Need to Breathe

This air is thick with thoughts
People screaming different languages in the streets
The Tower of Babel is fresh in our collective memory
You’re waiting your last days out on a porch
I’m still trying to find something to do
Radiation is seeping through
Contaminated blood -a common occurrence
Nothing is worth dying -except for peace

Development of Italy and Germany as Nation-States in 19th Century Europe

Count Camillo di Cavour and Otto von Bismarck led the unifications of Italy and Germany simultaneously throughout the 1860s.  They shared many of the same beliefs and instituted some of the same practices, but ultimately, unified Italy remained weak, while the newly unified German Empire became increasingly stronger throughout the rest of the late nineteenth century and culminating (then reemerging as the Third Reich) in the twentieth century.  Cavour’s interests involved unifying Italy under Piedmont, while maintaining a monarchial state, and quelling the republican forces led by Mazzini.  Bismarck was interested in unifying Germany, yet changed from a reactionary’s point of view to a conservative standpoint by the time he became chancellor of Prussia.  Cavour was a moderate, Bismarck was conservative, neither of them had any radical ideals.  The unifications of their states were a means to an end, and both men wished for their respective homelands to dominate and influence their newly unified nation-states.

Cavour represented King Victor Emmanuel II by using cunning politics and secretive diplomacy in order to further Piedmont’s interests in the Italian peninsula.  The King attempted to wage war against the Habsburgs on two occasions and failed miserably both times.  Cavour used his cunningness to gain favor with Napolean III of France and eventually wage successful war against the Austrians.  The Piedmonts won Lombardy from the Habsburgs, meanwhile the Italian republican nationalists, led by Garibaldi, landed in Sicily and moved up north.  This prompted Cavour to order the Piedmont army to move south and meet the republicans, forcing Garibaldi to give up his republican ideals and choose national unification under the leadership of Piedmont.  Eventually, by 1870, all of Italy was unified, (except for a few small regions still occupied by the Austrians), yet this did not foster the strength that romantic nationalism promised.  The newly unified Italy became corrupt politically, and weak economically and militarily.

In contrast, Prussia was strong to begin with in the early 1860s and Bismarck led the country conservatively on a path of dominance in Germany.  Kaiser William I chose Bismarck because he knew the man would move against the liberal Prussian Parliament, and that is exactly what he did.  Bismarck gained the support of the bureaucracy and the military through conservative political maneuvers in parliament.  Then, he provoked war with the Danish, the Austrians, and ultimately the French as he led the Germans in defeating all of them.  The North German Confederation was established through the conservative institution of Prussia, and the southern German states united once the Franco-Prussian war began.  It was in that war that the Germans utterly destroyed the French, and Kaiser William I was crowned Emperor in Versailles.  Thus, Bismarck was cunning and at times pragmatic like Cavour, yet in the end, Germany was successful in her wars of aggression, and Italy never achieved the glorifying reemergence of the Roman Empire that it desired.

Sol, Chapter 6: Awaken Into Another Time and Place

Welcome Daniel, you are in The Asteroid Belt, what a literal, simplistic name isn’t it… we are located within one of many scattered waypoints tucked inside these hollow floating rocks. The exteriors of each asteroid are as diverse as the inhabitants within. Some of the rocks are quite unassuming, but others seem as if they were constructed by something other than the workings of time and gravity, as if the vessels were created by beings that came before humans.

Many of the people living in this mysterious section of Sol are humans with cybernetic implants (or full DNA reconstruction) so that they would seem unrecognizable to new visitors as actual descendants of Earth, when in fact they’ve most likely been raised on humanity’s home planet or atmosphere themselves. 

The abundance of fragmented rocks in the vicinity of each waypoint is comparable to the multitude of factions within hierarchical guilds owing loose alliances to one another. These guilds operate independently of any Inner Sol government and are designated as pirate and or terrorist organizations by said institutions. However, the EDF [accounting for Earth sub-system in addition to the Mars sub-system] and remaining Corporation Colonies [which include the barely populated prison colony on Mercury and the once opulent floating cities of Venus] have technically ceded the rest of the system to exploration and development by us ragtag group of humans, pirates, cyborgs, half-human, holobeings, and what have you. Of course, the untrustworthy Inner Sol governments have rescinded on countless obligations to refrain from harassing free people within and without the belt that we call our home. That is why the asteroid waypoints are fortified in such a manner as you now see. These guilds are necessary in order to ensure inner stability in frontier space. The Factions protect individuals from the mischievous Corp mercenaries and EDF freelancers that blend in so well in our open communities.

Tichokiri, (aka Tiko) is my holobeing identity, I am one of many that protects the mid-system verse from EDF hackers and other intruders which mean to destroy the recently established freedom of Mid, and Outer Sol. You have been cryogenized for two and a half years, much has happened since you lost consciousness. The EDF was previously comprised of corporate-controlled nation states until the Western Capitalists destroyed Earth’s environment, leaving the megacities desolate and filled with formerly human cannibals, not to mention countless machine drones. No one knows exactly what happened, but there was war on Earth …a massive ordeal that could never be fully understood. The drug induced cannibals were eviscerated somehow, and the machines lay in ruins. The free people that lived underneath the megacities were taken by the mysterious fighters that had freed them to the Jovian moons. There the survivors coud live out the rest of their days in peace. The Collectivists, which is what these mutated humans are called now, prefer not to have contact with anyone else.

Some say the dark energy the space commune warriors used was harnessed by dormant sentient life deep beneath Earth. Not much else is known besides that which I have explained to you. 

What was once known as China was the only nation-state populated enough to reconstruct society on Earth, and life for humans there is not as horrendous anymore. The only problem those humans face is a lack of freedom, yet they do not understand because the information is not there for them to compare their lives to anything else. Standard of living on Earth is now what it once was in the late 20th century, there is still much poverty, but at least the ruthless corporations have been contained. 

Luna is now New Han, which is what the Chinese-dominated EDF prefers to call themselves: The Han, Protectors of Humanity. They are self-righteous fools in reality, they refuse to acknowledge that the blue-lipped warriors cleansed Earth and left the rotting planet for easy taking. Once the newly reorganized EDF took Luna and Mars, Chinese influence over Inner Sol was cemented, although sporadic fighting between Neo-Christian guerrillas and Han mercenaries persists on Luna-

ERROR

TICHOKIRI is currently unavailable.

Please remain calm in your cryogenic chamber until further notice…

We Could Be Dangerous

What happened to this city?

It chewed you up and spit you right back out

into the suburban safety-net you’ve been tangled up in your whole life.

You spoke of leaving everything behind because it was rotten,

and now you’ve gone back to it. You’ve come full circle.

In digital code people perceive themselves as icons.

A new era of self-worship is here, and the only reason they pay attention

to anyone else is in some hope that others will pay attention to them.

When in contrast, we do it just for the fuck of it.

There is usually nothing better to do, and we might as well create.